Chesnokov composed over 400 choral works throughout his life, these were mainly sacred works for church performance. After the Bolshevik revolution, his works became more secular to please the authorities.
He was the conductor of the Russian Choral Society Choir as well as heading a choral conducting program at the Moscow Conservatory. Chesnokov also conducted the choirs of the Bolshoi Theater, Moscow Academy and Christ the Saviour Cathedral.
Sovet prevechnyi otkryvaya Tebe Otrokovice, Gavriil predsta, Tebe lobzaya i veshaya: raduisya, zemle nenaseyannaya: raduisya, kupino neopalimaya: raduisya, glubino neudobozrimaya: raduisya, moste k Nebesem privodyai, i lestvice vysokaya, yuzhe Iakov vide: raduisya, Bozhestvennaya stamno manny: raduisya, razreshenie klyatvy: raduisya, Adamovo vozzvanie, s Toboyu Gospod’
Gabriel stood before thee, O Maiden, revealing the pre-eternal counsel, Saluting thee and exclaiming:
Rejoice, O earth unsown! Rejoice, O bush unburnt! Rejoice, O depth hard to fathom!
Rejoice, O bridge leading to the heavens and lofty ladder, which Jacob beheld!
Rejoice, O divine jar of Manna! Rejoice, annulment of the curse!
Rejoice, restoration of Adam: the Lord is with thee!